Having a strong domestic market, low private debt, low unemployment rate, flexible currency, and not being dependent on a single export sector, Poland is the only European economy to have avoided the recession of The Polish banking sector is the largest in the region,  with They are regulated by the Polish Financial Supervision Authority. Poland's banking sector has approximately 5 national banks, a network of nearly cooperative banks and 18 branches of foreign-owned banks.
Poland is also one of the world's biggest producers of coppersilvercoalfurniture, automotive parts and soft drink. Poland experienced a significant increase in the number of tourists after joining the European Union in Tourist attractions in Poland vary, from the mountains in the south to the sandy beaches in the north, with a trail of nearly every architectural style.
The Polish capital Warsaw and its historical Old Town were entirely reconstructed after wartime destruction. A notable highlight is the 13th-century Wieliczka Salt Mine with its labyrinthine tunnels, a subterranean lake and chapels carved by miners out of rock salt beneath the ground.
Poland's main tourist offerings include outdoor activities such as skiingsailingmountain hiking and climbingas well as agritourismsightseeing historical monuments. The Pieniny and Bieszczady Mountains lie in the extreme south-east. The electricity generation sector in Poland is largely fossil-fuel —based. Many power plants nationwide use Poland's position as a major European exporter of coal to their advantage by continuing to use coal as the primary raw material in the production of their energy.
InPoland scored 48 out of states in the Energy Sustainability Index. Renewable forms of energy account for a smaller proportion of Poland's full energy generation capacity. Increasing the share of energy from renewable sources and a significant reduction in CO2 emissions to be achieved with the help of biofuelsphotovoltaicsconstruction of wind farms on the land and the Baltic Seahydroelectric stations and nuclear power plant.
Poland has around ,, m 3 of proven natural gas reserves and around 96, barrels of proven oil reserves. However, the small amounts of fossil fuels naturally occurring in Poland are insufficient to satisfy the full energy consumption needs of the population and industry. Consequently, the country is a net importer of oil and natural gas. Transport in Poland is provided by means of railroadmarine shipping and air travel. The country is part of EU's Schengen Area and is an important transport hub along neighbouring Germany due to its strategic position in Central Europe.
The country has a good network of highwayscomposed of express roads and motorways. At the start ofPoland had 4, Inthe nation had 18, kilometres 11, mi of railway track, the third longest in Europe after Germany and France. Most inter-regional connections rail routes in Poland are operated by PKP Intercitywhilst regional trains are run by a number of private operators, the largest of which is Polregio.
The air and maritime transport markets in Poland are largely well developed. It was established in from a merger of Aerolloyd and Aero Poland has begun preparations for a construction that can handle million passengers of the Central Communication Port. Over the course of history, the Polish people have made considerable contributions in the fields of science, technology and mathematics.
Copernicus' achievements and discoveries are considered the basis of Polish culture and cultural identity. Poland's tertiary education institutions; traditional universitiesas well as technical, medical, and economic institutions, employ around tens of thousands of researchers and staff members. There are hundreds of research and development institutes.
In she established Poland's Radium Institute. In the first half of the 20th century, Poland was a flourishing centre of mathematics. In the s, mathematician and cryptologist Marian Rejewski invented the Cryptographic Bomb which formed the basis of the effort that allowed the Allies to crack the Enigma code.
Over 40 research and development centers and 4, researchers make Poland the biggest research and development hub in Central and Eastern Europe. Poland has a very well-developed e-administration, thanks to which many official matters can be easily and quickly settled via the Internet. In the UN ranking, Poland is in the top twenty countries with the best-rated e-administration in the world. Poland, with approximately It has a population density of inhabitants per square kilometre per square mile.
The total fertility rate in was estimated at 1. In the Polish census37, people reported Polish identity,Silesian, Kashubian andGerman. Other identities were reported bypeople 0. Ethnic Poles themselves can be divided into many diverse regional Album) sub-groups, most notable being the KashubiansSilesians and Gorals Highlanders.
The statistics do not include recently arrived migrant workers. Altogether, the number of ethnic Poles living abroad is estimated to be around 20 million. Polish is the only official and predominant spoken language in Poland, but it is also used throughout the world by Polish minorities in other countries as well as being one of the official languages of the European Union. Polish is also a second language in parts of Lithuaniawhere it is taught in Polish-minority schools.
Poland's once multi-ethnic population communicated in numerous languages and lects which faded or disappeared along the course of history. There are currently 15  minority languages in Poland, including one recognized regional language, Kashubianwhich is spoken by aroundpeople in the northern regions of Kashubia and Pomerania. Poland recognized secondary administrative languages or auxiliary languages in bilingual municipalities.
Bilingual signs, names and advertisements are commonplace in those localities. Silesian and Wymysorys Vilamovian are not legally recognized or acknowledged as separate languages with a minority status. According to the census, An estimated For centuries the tribes inhabiting the lands of modern-day Poland have practised various forms of paganism known as Rodzimowierstwoor "native faith".
The persistence was demonstrated by a series of rebellions in the s known as the pagan reactionwhich also showed elements of a peasant uprising against medieval feudalism.
Religious tolerance was an important part of Polish political culture, though it varied at times. Inthe Statute of Kalisz granted Jews unprecedented legal rights not found anywhere in Europe. Inthe Warsaw Confederation marked the formal beginning of extensive religious freedoms in Poland. It was partially influenced by the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre in Francewhich prompted the nobility to prevent the monarch from carrying out reprehensible atrocities in Poland based on religious affiliation.
Contemporary religious minorities include Christian Orthodox,  various Protestants— including 77, Lutherans of the Evangelical-Augsburg Church 23, Pentecostals in the Pentecostal Church in Poland10, Adventists in the Seventh-day Adventist Church and other smaller Evangelical denominations  — Jehovah's Witnesses,  Eastern CatholicsMariavitesJewsMuslims Tatars and neopaganssome of whom are members of the Native Polish Church.
Medical service providers and hospitals szpitale in Poland are subordinate to the Ministry of Health ; it provides administrative oversight and scrutiny of general medical practice, and is obliged to maintain a high standard of hygiene and patient care. Poland has a universal healthcare system based on an all-inclusive insurance system ; state subsidised healthcare is available to all citizens covered by the general health insurance program of the National Health Fund NFZ.
Hospitals are organised according to the regional administrative structure, resultantly most towns, counties or municipalities possess their own provincial hospital or medical clinics. According to the Human Development Report fromthe average life expectancy at birth is 79 years around 75 years for an infant male and 83 years for an infant female ;  the country has a low infant mortality rate 4 per 1, births.
The framework for primary and secondary schooling in contemporary Poland is established by the Ministry of National Education. Kindergarten attendance is optional for children aged between three and five, with one year being compulsory for six-year-olds.
The standards of higher tertiary education are imposed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education. In Poland, there are over university-level institutions,  with technical, medical, economic, agricultural, pedagogical, theological, musical, maritime and military faculties.
The culture of Poland is closely connected with its intricate 1,year history and forms an important constituent in western civilization. The appreciation of Poland's traditions and cultural heritage is commonly known as Polonophilia. With origins in the customs of the tribal Lechitesover time the culture of Poland has been influenced by its connection to Western culture and trends, as well as developing its own unique traditions such as Sarmatism.
These factors have contributed to the versatile nature of Polish art. The architectural monuments of great importance are protected by the National Heritage Board of Poland. Poland is renowned for its brick Gothic castles, granaries and churches as well as diversely-styled tenementsmarket squares and town halls. The majority of Polish cities founded on Magdeburg Law in the Middle Ages evolved around central marketplaces, a distinguishable urban characteristic which can be observed to this day.
Particular traditions and superstitious customs observed in Poland are not found elsewhere in Europe. Though Christmas Eve Wigilia is not a public holiday, it remains the most memorable day of the entire year. A widely-popular doughnut and sweet pastry feast occurs on Fat Thursdayusually 52 days prior to Easter. Easter Monday is celebrated with pagan dyngus festivities, where the youth is engaged in water fights.
Cemeteries and graves of the deceased are annually visited by family members on All Saints' Day; tombstones are cleaned as a sign of respect and candles are lit to honour the dead on an unprecedented scale.
Artists from Poland, including famous musicians such as ChopinRubinsteinPaderewskiPenderecki and Wieniawskiand traditional, regionalized folk composers create a lively and diverse music scene, which even recognizes its own music genres, such as sung poetry and disco polo.
Other early compositions, such as the melody of Bogurodzica and God Is Born a coronation polonaise tune for Polish kings by an unknown composermay also date back to this period, however, the first known notable composer, Nicholas of Radomlived in the 15th century.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, Polish baroque composers wrote liturgical music and secular compositions such as concertos and sonatas for voices or instruments. At the end of the 18th century, Polish classical music evolved into national forms like the polonaise.
Traditional Polish folk music has had a major effect on the works of many Polish composers, and no more so than on Fryderyk Chopin, a widely recognised national hero of the arts. All of Chopin's works involve the piano and are technically demanding, emphasising nuance and expressive depth. It is largely thanks to him that such pieces gained great popularity throughout Europe during the 19th century. Several Polish composers such as Szymanowski drew inspiration from Chopin's folk-influenced style.
Nowadays the most distinctive folk music can be heard in the towns and villages of the mountainous south, particularly in the region surrounding the winter resort town of Zakopane. Poland today has an active music scene, with the jazz and metal genres being particularly popular among the contemporary populace.
Polish jazz musicians such as Krzysztof Komeda created a unique style, which was most famous in the s and s and continues to be popular to this day. Poland has also become a major venue for large-scale music festivals, chief among which are the Open'er FestivalOpole Festival and Sopot Festival. Art in Poland has always reflected European trends while maintaining its unique character.
Perhaps the most prominent and internationally admired Polish artist was Tamara de Lempickawho specialized in the style of Art Deco. Prior to the 19th century only Daniel Schultz and Italian-born Marcello Bacciarelli had the privilege of being recognized abroad. Within historically-orientated circles, Henryk Siemiradzki dominated with his monumental Academic Art and ancient Roman theme. Since the inter-war years, Polish art and documentary photography has enjoyed worldwide fame and in the s the Polish School of Posters was formed.
Although not Polish, the work had a strong influence on Polish culture and has been often associated with Polish identity. Polish cities and towns reflect a whole spectrum of European architectural styles. Romanesque architecture is represented by St. History has not been kind to Poland's architectural monuments.
Nonetheless, a number of ancient structures have survived: castles, churches, and stately homes, often unique in the regional or European context. The centres of Kazimierz Dolny and Sandomierz on the Vistula are good examples of well-preserved medieval towns.
The second half of the 17th century is marked by baroque architecture. The profuse decorations of the Branicki Palace in Warsaw are characteristic of the rococo style. Traditional folk architecture in the villages and small towns scattered across the vast Polish countryside was characterized by its extensive use of wood and red brick as primary building materials, common for Central Europe.
However, traditional construction methods faded in the early-mid 20th century, when Poland's population experienced a demographic shift to urban dwelling away from the countryside. The earliest examples of Polish literature date to the 12th century,  when Poland's official language was Latinand early published works were predominantly written by foreigners.
Gallus Anonymusa monk of disputed origin, was the first chronicler who meticulously described Poland's culture, language and territories in Gesta principum Polonorum c. Historically, Polish literature concentrated extensively around the themes of true drama and poetic -expressive romanticism than on fiction. Patriotismspirituality and aphorisms were paramount and political or social allegories were common moral narratives.
The first documented phrase in the Polish language reads " Day ut ia pobrusa, a ti poziwai " "Let me grind, and you take a rest"reflecting the use of quern-stone in early Poland. Haller's Calendarium cracoviensean astronomical wall calendar fromis Poland's oldest surviving print. During the Baroque era, the Jesuits greatly influenced Polish literature and literary techniques, often relying on God and religious matters.
Jan Chryzostom Pasekalso a respected baroque writer, is mostly remembered for his tales and memoirs reflecting sarmatian culture in the Polish—Lithuanian Commonwealth. Nicholas Wisdom. Polish cuisine has evolved over the centuries to become highly eclectic due to Poland's history.
Polish cuisine shares many similarities with other Central European cuisines, especially German and Austrian  as well as Jewish FrenchItalian and Turkish culinary traditions.
Polish dishes are usually rich in meat, especially pork, chicken and beef depending on the regionwinter vegetables sauerkraut cabbage in bigosand spices. Polish cuisine is hearty and uses a lot of cream and eggs. Festive meals such as the meatless Christmas Eve dinner Wigilia or Easter breakfast could take days to prepare in their entirety. The side dishes are usually potatoes, rice or cereal. Meals conclude with a dessert such as sernik cheesecakemakowiec poppy seed pastryor napoleonka cream pie.
The particular clothing styles in Poland evolved with each century. In the s high-class noblemen and magnates developed a strong sympathy for Orientalismwhich was also common in other parts of Europe and became known as Sarmatism. The period of Polish Sarmatism eventually faded in the wake of the 18th century.
The Polish national dress as well as the fashion and etiquette of Poland also reached the royal court at Versailles in the s. The scope of influence also entailed furniture; rococo Polish beds with canopies became commonplace in French palaces during the 18th century. Several Polish designers and stylists left a lifelong legacy of beauty inventions and cosmeticsmost notable being Maksymilian Faktorowicz and Helena Rubinstein.
Faktorowicz created a line of cosmetics company in California known as Max Factor and coined the term "make-up" based on the verb phrase "to make up" one's face, now widely used as an alternative for describing cosmetics. As ofPoland possesses the fifth-largest cosmetic market in Europe. The history of Polish cinema is as long as the history of cinematography itself.
Over the decades, Poland has produced outstanding directors, film producers, cartoonists and actors that achieved world fame, especially in Hollywood.
Moreover, Polish inventors played an important role in the development of world cinematography and modern-day television. InJan Szczepanikobtained a British patent for his Telectroscope. This prototype of television could easily transmit image and sound, thus allowing a live remote view.
Polish cinema developed rapidly in the interwar period. The most renowned star of the silent film era was Polish actress Pola Negri. During this time, the Yiddish cinema also evolved in Poland. Films in the Yiddish language with Jewish themes, such as The Dybbukplayed an important part in pre-war Polish cinematography.
In the government established ' Film Polski ', a state-run film production and distribution organization, with director Aleksander Ford as the head of the company. Poland has a number of major media outlets, chief among which are the national television channels. TVP is Poland's public broadcasting corporation; about a third of its income comes from a broadcast receiver licencewhile the rest is made through revenue from commercials and sponsorships.
Poland has also emerged as a major hub for video game developers in Europe, with the country now being home to hundreds of studios.
Volleyball and Association football are among the country's most popular sports, with a rich history of international competitions. The golden era of football in Poland occurred throughout the s and went on until the early s when the Polish national football team achieved their best results in any FIFA World Cup competitions finishing 3rd place in the and the tournaments.
The team won a gold medal in football at the Summer Olympics and two silver medals, in and in As of Maythe Polish men's national volleyball team is ranked as 2nd in the world. Poland has made a distinctive mark in motorcycle speedway racing thanks to Tomasz Gollob and Bartosz Zmarzlikhighly successful Polish riders.
The top Ekstraliga division has one of the highest average attendances for any sport in Poland. The national speedway team of Poland is one of the major teams in international speedway. Poles made significant achievements in mountaineering, in particular, in the Himalayas and the winter ascending of the eight-thousanders.
Polish mountains are one of the tourist attractions of the country. Hiking, climbing, skiing and mountain biking and attract numerous tourists every year from all over the world. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Polska. Country in Central Europe. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Poland disambiguation. For the dance, see Polska dance. For other uses, see Rzeczpospolita disambiguation.
Rzeczpospolita Polska Polish. Show globe. Show map of Europe. Polish Pole. Website poland. Main article: Name of Poland. Main article: History of Poland.
Main articles: History of Poland — and Partitions of Poland. Main articles: History of Poland —present and enlargement of the European Union. Main article: Geography of Poland. Main article: Rivers of Poland. Main article: Politics of Poland. Andrzej Duda President. Mateusz Morawiecki Prime Minister. Main article: Law of Poland. The Polish Constitutional Tribunal.
The Supreme Court of Poland. Main articles: Foreign relations of Poland and List of diplomatic missions of Poland. Main article: Polish Armed Forces. Main article: Administrative divisions of Poland. West Pomeranian. Kuyavian- Pomeranian. Greater Poland. Lower Silesian. Lesser Poland. Holy Cross. Kaliningrad Russia. Czech Republic. Baltic Sea. Main article: Economy of Poland. Main articles: Energy in Poland and Coal mining in Poland.
Largest cities or towns in Poland Central Statistical Office population report for Religions in Poland Roman Catholic. Main article: Religion in Poland. Main article: Health in Poland. Main articles: Education in Poland and Universities in Poland. Main article: Culture of Poland.
See also: Christmas in Poland. Main article: Music of Poland. Fryderyk Chopin was a renowned classical composer and virtuoso pianist. Artur Rubinstein was one of the greatest concert pianists of the 20th century.
Fryderyk Chopin. Mazurka no. Mazurka Polish : mazurekstylized folk dance in triple metercommemorating the November Uprising. Ballade form invented by Chopin. Ballade no. Inspired by poems of Adam Mickiewicz. Main article: Architecture of Poland. Main articles: Polish literature and History of philosophy in Poland.
Adam Mickiewicz was an untiring promoter of Poland's culture and heritage. His national epic poem Pan Tadeusz is considered a masterpiece of Polish literature. Joseph Conradone of the greatest novelists of all time. He was the author of popular books such as Nostromo and Heart of Darkness. Main article: Polish cuisine. Further information: Category:Polish fashion. Main articles: Cinema of Poland and Theatre of Poland.
Main articles: Television in Poland and Media of Poland. Further information: Category:Video gaming in Poland. Main article: Sport in Poland. Poland portal Europe portal. The percentages of ethnic Poles and minorities depend on how they are counted. Steven J. Zaloga and Richard Hook write that "by the war's end the Polish Army was the fourth largest contingent of the Allied coalition after the armed forces of the Soviet Union, the United States and the United Kingdom".
Dziewanowski has noted that "if Polish forces fighting in the east and west were added to the resistance fighters, Poland had the fourth largest Allied army in the war after the USSR, the U.
Throughout the war, Poland's position varied from the 2nd biggest Ally after the fall of Francewhen Polish army outnumbered the French to perhaps the 5th at the end of it after the US, Soviet Union, China and Britain. The confusion often stems from the fact that as the war progressed, some resistance movements grew larger — and other diminished. Polish territories were mostly freed from Nazi German control in the years —45, eliminating the need for their respective anti-Nazi partisan forces in Poland although the cursed soldiers continued to fight against the Soviets.
Several sources note that Polish Armia Krajowa was the largest resistance movement in Nazi-occupied Europe. Norman Davies wrote: "Armia Krajowa Home Armythe AK, which could fairly claim to be the largest of European resistance";  Gregor Dallas wrote "Home Army Armia Krajowa or AK in late numbered aroundmaking it the largest resistance organization in Europe";  Mark Wyman wrote "Armia Krajowa was considered the largest underground resistance unit in wartime Europe".
After that point, the numbers of Soviet partisans and Yugoslav partisans begun growing rapidly. The numbers of Soviet partisans quickly caught up and were similar to that of the Polish resistance. Central Statistical Office. ISBN Number and demographical-social structure.
Retrieved 3 October Psychology Press. Retrieved 9 September — via Google Books. Retrieved 18 October Archived from the original PDF on 28 October Retrieved 12 August Retrieved 11 October Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division. As of December 31, ". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 30 October Retrieved 20 March United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 10 December Central Europe: enemies, neighbors, friends.
Oxford University Press. A Concise History of Poland First ed. Retrieved 13 August Poland had actually managed to pass a first progressive constitution on 3, May ; this was Europes first written constitution. Emerging Europe. September Retrieved 1 January Retrieved 12 April Human Development Reports.
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Heart of Europe. The Past in Poland's Present. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Nauka w Polsce in Polish. Monday, September 27, Cynic "Ascension Codes". Saturday, September 25, Hollow "Tower". Android Trio "Other Worlds". Malady "Ainavihantaa". Headless "Square One". Plenilunio "Il gioco imperfetto". Cash RecordsProgressive Rockvinyl.
Tauk "Chaos Companion". Aeon Zen "Transversal". Dec Burke "Life in Two Dimensions". Antony Kalugin "Chameleon Shapeshifter". The Watch "The Art of Bleeding". In Disequilibrium, part 1 single edit Links : Proggnosis. Archived from the original on March 16, Retrieved August 11, October 12, Retrieved May 7, Retrieved May 29, Retrieved February 9, Star Wars: The Visual Encyclopedia. Dorling Kindersley. Retrieved March 25, Archived from the original on October 11, Archived from the original on February 23, Retrieved February 24, Retrieved November 8, Bleeding Cool.
Retrieved December 24, November Retrieved March 23, Archived from the original on March 23, Archived from the original Lee Murdock - Voices Across The Water (CD March 22, Retrieved July 16, Retrieved July 4, Canto Bight. Archived from the original on December 22, Retrieved December 21, May 23, Star Wars Insider. Titan Magazines. Catalyst: A Rogue One Novel.
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Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Anakin Skywalker's mother, and Luke and Leia's paternal grandmother. Qui-Gon Jinn attempts to bargain for her freedom from slavery but fails. Shmi encourages Anakin to leave Tatooine with Qui-Gon to seek his destiny, but Anakin finds it hard to leave without her. A widowed moisture farmer named Cliegg Lars later falls in love with Shmi, and after he purchases her freedom from Watto, they marry.
Shmi dies in Anakin's arms after being kidnapped and tortured by Tusken Raiders in Attack of the Clones. Anakin Skywalker Darth Vader. Jedi Knight and Dark Lord of the Sith, whose fall and redemption are depicted throughout the first six Star Wars films.
Originally a slave boy from Tatooine, he is believed to be the "Chosen One", a legendary Jedi destined to destroy the Sith and bring balance to the Force. He later began losing faith in the Jedi Order and turns to the dark side out of desperation to save his wife, becoming Darth Sidious ' third apprentice, Darth Vader.
Vader serves as Sidious' second-in-command throughout the Imperial Era, until he redeems himself and sacrifices himself to save his son by killing Sidious, thus fulfilling the prophecy of the Chosen One. Decades later, his Force spirit helps Rey defeat a resurrected Sidious to end the Sith once and for all. Former moisture farmer and Jedi Knight whose coming of age and rise as a Jedi are portrayed in the original Star Wars trilogy. After the Empire's defeat, Luke becomes a Jedi Master and attempts to rebuild the Jedi Order, but goes into self-exile on the planet Ahch-To after Ben falls to the dark side, becomes Kylo Ren, and takes part in the murder of his other students.
He later reluctantly trains Rey, and dies helping the Resistance escape from the First Order. His Force spirit eventually helps Rey defeat a resurrected Palpatine to end the Sith once and for all, and later gives her his blessing to adopt the Skywalker surname and continue his family's legacy. After her birth, she was adopted by the Organa family to keep her safe and hidden from the Galactic Empire.
After her son turns to the dark side and becomes Kylo Ren, she reaches out to him through the Force and helps to redeem him in an act of self-sacrifice. Her Force spirit later gives Rey her blessing to adopt the Skywalker surname and continue her family's legacy. After he and Leia's son, Ben Solo, turns to the dark side and becomes Kylo Ren, Han attempts to redeem him, only to be killed.
After his death, Kylo is haunted by thoughts of his father, and eventually redeems himself after speaking with Han's memory in a vision. Ben Solo Kylo Ren. He also has an especial connection in the Force with Rey called a 'Force dyad',   and the two of them develop a complex relationship, in which they are enemies in the war but they have romantic feelings for each other.
Eventually, he redeems himself with the help of his parents and Rey. After turning back to the light side, he helps Rey to defeat the resurrected Palpatine, giving his own life to revive her after she is killed in the battle. Jobal Naberrie. Pooja Naberrie. Ruwee Naberrie. Ryoo Naberrie. Sola Naberrie.
In the prequel films, Beru is Owen's girlfriend in Attack of the Clones then wife in Revenge of the Sithand the two take custody of the infant Luke at the end of the latter film.
Cliegg Lars. Jack Thompson Attack of the Clones. Moisture farmer who purchases, then frees and marries, Shmi Skywalker, becoming the stepfather of Anakin Skywalker, whom he meets only briefly in Attack of the Clones.
He and his wife Beru take custody of Luke at the end of Revenge of the Sith. Bail Organa. Leia Organa's adoptive father, the Senator of Alderaan and one of the Rebel Alliance's founding members.
Queen Breha Organa. Rebecca Jackson Mendoza Revenge of the Sith. She is killed in the destruction of Alderaan. Breha is also featured in the short story "Eclipse" and in the novel Leia, Princess of Alderaan. Jedi Master during the High Republic era.
She was eventually given command of the Starlight Beacon once operational. Depa Billaba. While recovering, she forms a bond with Padawan Caleb Dume who will later become known as Kanan Jarruswhom she takes on as her apprentice. She sacrifices herself during Order 66 to save her Padawan. Ezra Bridger. Fourteen-year-old con artist, thief, and pickpocket living on the Outer Rim world of Lothal as the Empire strip mines the resources of his homeworld for Sienar's TIE fighter production.
He is able to use the Forceand has used it to get out of certain predicaments. Stealing to survive, Lee Murdock - Voices Across The Water (CD had no real loyalty to anyone until he met the crew of the Ghostand began training as a Jedi under Kanan Jarrus. Eno Cordova. He discovered an ancient vault built by the Force-sensitive Zeffo on the planet Bogano, where he hid a Jedi Holocron containing a list of Force-sensitive children, in the hopes that it could someday help rebuild the Jedi Order.
Cin Drallig. Jedi Master who serves as the battlemaster of and head of security for the Jedi Temple in the final days of the Clone Wars. He is killed by Darth Vader during the siege of the temple in Revenge of the Sith.
Jedi Master who is impersonated by Count Dooku to order the creation of the Clone army. However, his ship was shot down by the Pykes under the orders of Count Dooku and he died in the crash. Kanan Jarrus Caleb Dume. Voice: Freddie Prinze Jr. Jedi survivor of Order 66, and the de facto leader of the Ghost crew. Born as Caleb Dume, he changed his name to Kanan Jarrus to hide during Order 66; after the death of his Jedi Master, Depa Billaba, who sacrificed herself for him to escape.
He carries a DL blaster and a blue lightsaber that can be detached. He is uncertain of himself in training Ezra, due to not finishing his Jedi training himself. Kanan later sacrifices himself to allow Hera to escape from an Imperial prison on Lothal, though his legacy will live through their son, Jacen Syndulla.
Kanan also appears as a disembodied voice in The Rise of Skywalkerempowering Rey to face the revived Palpatine. Qui-Gon Jinn. Jedi Master featured in the prequel trilogy. He also discovers Anakin Skywalker on Tatooine and vows to train him, but is killed on Naboo in a duel with Darth Maul. He later begins communicating with Yoda through the Force to teach him this ability.
Cere Junda. She becomes the mentor figure and master for Cal Kestiswhile trying to escape her troubled past and resume her own role as a Jedi. Obi-Wan Kenobi Ben Kenobi. After surviving Order 66, he goes into hiding on Tatooine and watches over Luke until he grows old enough to teach him the ways of the Jedi.
Although he is killed in a duel with his former pupil, who has become Darth Vader, he continues to guide Luke as a Force spirit. Cal Kestis. Jedi Padawan trained by Jaro Tapal and a survivor of Order 66, who embarks on a mission to rebuild the Jedi Order after joining the Stinger Mantis crew. Jocasta Nu. Jedi librarian featured in the prequel trilogy.
She survives Order 66, but is later killed by Darth Vader. Orphan Force-sensitive scavenger from the planet Jakkuand Emperor Palpatine 's secret granddaughter. She also has a complicated relationship with the fallen Jedi Kylo Renwith whom she has a unique connection in the Force called a 'Force dyad',   and they develop romantic feelings for each other. She is the protagonist of the sequel trilogy. Mace Windu.
Samuel L. Jedi Master featured in the prequel trilogy, regarded as one of the best swordsmen in Jedi history. Darth Bane. Sith Lord who lived over a thousand years before the Clone Wars, and created the "Rule of Two" that states there shall only ever be two Sith at a time, a Master and an Apprentice.
An illusion of him appears during the episode Sacrifice of The Clone Wars to confront Yoda on Moraband and offer him the chance to join the dark side of the Force, but is rejected by Yoda. Count Dooku Darth Tyranus.
He is ultimately betrayed by Sidious and killed by Anakin Skywalker, who replaces him as Sidious' apprentice, in Revenge of the Sith. Taron Malicos. Jedi Master who fought in the Clone Wars and survived Order Left stranded on Dathomir for years, he eventually succumbed to the dark side and sought to learn the Nighstisters' magick by manipulating Nightsister Merrin.
He attempts to lure Cal Kestis to the dark side, but he defeats him with Merrin's help, who buries him alive. Sheev Palpatine Darth Sidious. He was trained by Darth Plagueiswhom Sidious eventually killed in his sleep. He also engineers the three-years-long Clone Wars and transforms the Republic into the Galactic Empire. As Emperor, Sidious rules the galaxy for over two decades before Vader kills him to save his son, Luke Skywalkerthus fulfilling the prophecy of the Chosen One.
He is heavily scarred and burned around the abdomen and chest, but fully embraces his scars and is always seen shirtless. As a leader, he follows the will of the dark side of the Force and doesn't think of his actions as right or wrong; an ideology which he encourages his fellow Knights to follow. After Ben Solo's fall to the dark side, Ren allows him to join their ranks, as Supreme Leader Snoke vouched for him, but is ultimately killed by him. With Ren's murder, Ben completes his initiation and becomes the new leader of the Knights as Kylo Ren.
Second Sister Trilla Suduri. Inquisitor and former Jedi Padawan of Cere Junda, who was captured and tortured by the Empire after Cere betrayed her location under intense interrogation. She is the main antagonist of Jedi: Fallen Orderwhere she is assigned to hunt down Cal Kestis and retrieve a Holocron containing a list of Force-sensitive children.
She is later killed by Darth Vader for her failure. Faro Argyus. He is later betrayed and killed by Asajj Ventress. Lux Bonteri. After his mother's assassination, he becomes the representative of his homeworld Onderonn in the Galactic Senate. Captain Colton. Jeremy Bulloch Revenge of the Sith. Tan Divo. Coruscant police inspector during the Clone Wars, often displaying a pompous attitude.
His appearance is loosely based on that of actor and director Orson Welles. He survived the crash, but was taken prisoner by the Pykes. Finis Valorum. According to performer Terence Stampthe character was intended by George Lucas to be based on then- President of the United States Bill Clinton as a "good but beleaguered man," although Stamp noted that this had been before the Clinton impeachment trial.
Deformed clone trooper who helps the Domino Squad in the Clone Wars. He is killed during one of the battles of Kamino. In Revenge of the Sithhe fights alongside Mundi during the Battle of Mygeeto, but when Order 66 is issued, Bacara and his men unwillingly betray and kill Mundi. Alongside clone trooper Waxer, he is considered the best scout of the Ghost Company and participates in the Battle of Ryloth and the Second Battle of Geonosis.
In Revenge of the Sithhe helps Obi-Wan during the Battle of Utapaubut unwillingly betrays and attempts to kill him when Order 66 is issued. Clone trooper and member of Domino Squad. He is eaten by a Rishi eel after surviving a Separatist attack on a remote listening post on the Rishi moon. Clone trooper and Lee Murdock - Voices Across The Water (CD of Domino Squad, who takes his nickname from the fact that he is always getting shot by training droids. He is killed by Commando Droids while fending off an attack on a remote listening post on the Rishi moon.
Commander "Fil". Clone Commander serving under Jedi Nadhar Vebb. He is killed while fighting General Grievous ' pet Gor. In Revenge of the Sithhe takes part in the Battle of Kashyyyk and attempts to carry out Order 66 by executing Yoda, but the Jedi Master senses his intentions and swiftly decapitates him and another trooper.
Clone Commando thought to have died in the Battle of Sarrish. Stricken with amnesia and living on Abafar, he is later told by Colonel Meebur Gascon that he is a clone trooper, and seemingly sacrifices himself to help the Colonel and his droids to get off Abafar to save many Republic lives. However, he survives this ordeal and eventually returns to the Republic, after which he removes his biochip, so that he would not be forced to carry out Order When the Republic is reorganized into the Empire after the end of the Clone Wars, Gregor is forced to train conscripted Imperial soldiers, until the Bad Batch rescue him.
Years later, Gregor ends up in the Seelos system with fellow retired clones Rex and Wolffe, and is shown to have developed some eccentric tendencies. He aids a group of rebels against Imperial forces in a skirmish on the planet, and later takes part in a battle to free the planet Lothal from Imperial occupation, though he is fatally wounded by an Imperial technician during the battle. Clone Commander of the clone legion led by Jedi Depa Billaba. When Order 66 is issued, he executes Billaba, but ultimately sacrifices himself to allow her Padawan, Caleb Dume, to escape after regaining his free will.
He first appeared in the comic book series Kanan. Clone trooper and commander of Domino Squad, whose nickname comes from the fact that he constantly carries the heavy guns within the squad. He sacrifices himself to destroy a remote listening post on the Rishi moon under attack by the Separatists and alert the Republic of their presence on the moon. Both he and Gundi are killed while fending off Separatist forces during the Battle of Ryloth to buy the Republic enough time to deliver supplies to the Twi'leks.
Cut Lawquane. Former clone trooper who deserted the army to live a quiet life as a farmer on Saleucami. He has a wife Suu and two children, Jek and Shaeeah. During the Clone Wars, he meets Captain Rex, and the pair eventually come to trust one another after working together to defend Cut's family from Commando Droids, with Rex deciding not to report Cut.
He helps organize clone commando units on Geonosis and fights on Ryloth and Malastare in later battles. He is eventually captured by a group of bounty hunters and executed by Aurra Sing in an attempt to lure Windu into a trap. Alongside clone trooper Boil, he is considered the best scout of the Ghost Company and participates in the Battle of Ryloth and the Second Battle of Geonosis.
Waxer later serves as a platoon leader with the rank of Clone Lieutenant during the Battle of Umbara, where he is killed in a friendly-fire incident orchestrated by the traitorous Jedi General Pong Krell. During the war, a gained a large scar on his right eye.
He is one of the few clones to have removed his inhibitor chip and, as such, was not forced to carry out Order During the Galactic Empire era, he ends up in the Seelos system with fellow clones Rex and Gregor, and later helps the Rebels free Lothal from Imperial occupation.
Clone trooper who served the st Legion during the Clone Wars. He is killed by bounty hunter Cad Banewho then wears his armor and impersonates him. Clone trooper serving within the st Legion during the Clone Wars.
After witnessing his close friend Clone Trooper Tup unwittingly executing Jedi General Tiplar during the Battle of Ringo Vinda, Fives goes to great lengths to find answers for Tup's actions, ultimately leading to his discovery of Order However, because of this, Palpatine frames him for an assassination attempt. A mentally unstable clone trooper within the st Legion who participates in the search for General Grievous on Saleucami, and later in the Umbara Campaign, during which he sacrifices his life to destroy a droid supply ship.
During the Siege of Mandalore, he is captured by Darth Maul to be used as bait in luring Ahsoka Tano to him, but is eventually rescued. When Order 66 is issued, Jesse is among the clones to attempt to execute Ahsoka, as well as Rex after he has his chip removed and sides with her.
Along with all the other troopers aboard, Jesse is killed when the Star Destroyer they are on crashes on a small moon, and is buried by Ahsoka and Rex.
Clone medic serving in the st Legion. He conducts his own investigation of the murder of Jedi General Tiplar and aids Fives, eventually discovering the biochip conspiracy himself.
Because of this, he was kidnapped by the Separatists on the orders of Count Dooku, and was subsequently frozen in stasis until he was found and released by a crew of pirates, which he joins. When Order 66 is issued, Rex unwillingly attempts to kill Ahsoka, but she removes his biochip, and the pair fake their deaths before going into hiding their separate ways. In Rebelsduring the Imperial Era, Rex is living as a retired clone trooper alongside Wolffe and Gregor and ends up joining the Rebel Alliance, reuniting with Ahsoka.
Rookie clone trooper who has a teardrop tattoo on his face, and matching designs on his helmet. During his time in the campaign on Ringo Vinda, Tup's biochip malfunctions, leading him to carry out Order 66 earlier than intended.
As Tup was being shipped back to Kamino for evaluation, he was kidnapped by the Separatists but recovered shortly afterwards.
He dies of medical complications on Kamino during the ensuing investigation. CT "Crosshair". Deformed clone trooper and member of Clone Force He is the team's sniper, possessing genetic mutations that give him exceptional eyesight. He is the only member of Clone Force 99 whose biochip is activated when Order 66 is issued, causing him to turn on his squadmates after they rebel against the newly formed Galactic Empire.
Crosshair is later put in charge of a unit of conscripted Imperial soldiers, and tasked with hunting down the Bad Batch. Though he eventually learns about his biochip and removes it, he continues to willingly serve the Empire, believing that attempting to fight it is useless and holding a grudge against the Bad Batch for abandoning him.
After being forced to work with the Bad Batch to survive Tipoca City's destruction, Crosshair partially makes amends with his former squadmates, but still refuses to join them. In reality, however, he was captured and used against his will as a pawn by the Separatists for their campaign on Anaxes.
After being rescued by Captain Rex and the Bad Batch, he plays a key role in leading the Republic to victory in the battle of Anaxes, before joining Clone Force 99 as its latest member.
Following Order 66, Echo along with most of the team rebel against the Empire and become mercenaries. Deformed clone trooper and commander of Clone Force He has genetic mutations that give him enhanced senses, such as tracking and feeling electromagnetic signals. After the formation of the Empire, Hunter along with most of Clone Force 99 rebel and become mercenaries. Deformer clone trooper and member of Clone Force He is the team's brains, having genetic mutations that make him more intelligent and skilled with technology than other clones, but also leaner, fairer, and younger.
Following Order 66, Tech along with most of the team rebel against the Empire and become mercenaries. He is the team's muscles, having genetic mutations that make him much larger and stronger than other clone troopers.
Following Order 66, Wrecker along with most of the team rebel against the Empire and become mercenaries. Though Wrecker's biochip is later activated and he briefly turns on his squadmates, they manage to remove it from his brain, restoring his free will. Young female clone who served as Nale Se's medical assistant on Kamino, until joining Clone Force 99 to escape from the planet after their betrayal of the Empire. She is later revealed to be an unaltered clone of Jango Fett, similar to Boba Fett.
Mina Bonteri. She attempts to bring a peaceful end to the war with the signing of a treaty, but is assassinated by Separatists in an attack that the Republic is framed for. Rush Clovis. Raymus Antilles. Captain of the Tantive IV. Lando Calrissian. Smuggler, gambler, and longtime friend of Han Soloas well as the original owner of the Millennium Falcon. Bren Derlin. Rebel officer in The Empire Strikes Back. Jan Dodonna. He is also the first character to utter the phrase, " May the Force be with you ".
Agent Kallus. Former member of the Imperial Security Bureau who led the efforts suppress an uprising on the planet Lothal and developed a rivalry with Zeb Orrelios because Kallus took part in the attacks that wiped out much of his kind. He eventually begins to question his morality and loyalty to the Empire after he and Zeb are forced to work together to survive upon being stranded on a remote planet.
By the time Thrawn is promoted to Grand Admiral, Kallus has become a spy for the Rebel Alliance, and fully defects once his treason is discovered. Kallus plays a major role in the liberation of Lothal from Imperial occupation, and ends up befriending Zeb. Crix Madine. Dermot Crowley Return of the Jedi. Rebel General who comes up with the plan of destroying the shield generator for the second Death Star in Return of the Jedi. Pharl McQuarrie. Mon Mothma.
Republic senator, and co-founder and leader of the Rebel Alliance. Eneb Ray. A Spy for the Rebel Alliance who went rogue after being physically and mentally disfigured; later attacking Sunspot Prison in a plot against Leia Organa.
Carlist Rieekan. Jun Sato. The commander of the rebel cell Phoenix Squadron, which the Ghost crew joins. He is also the uncle of Rebel pilot Mart Mattin. He sacrifices himself during the Battle of Atollon in order for Ezra Bridger to get reinforcements.
Zev Senesca. Berch Teller. Former Intelligence officer in the Republic, who forms his own Rebel cell and hijacks Moff Tarkin 's personal ship, the Carrion Spikein the novel Tarkin. Vanden Willard. Wedge Antilles. A Rebel and New Republic starfighter pilot, who was in the battles of YavinHothand Endor and is the only survivor of all of those battles besides Luke Skywalker.
Arvel Crynyd. A-wing pilot who crashes into the Executor -class Star Dreadnought Executorcausing its fall and destruction on the surface of the second Death Star, in Return of the Jedi.
Biggs Darklighter. Garven Dreis a. He is shot down and killed by Darth Vader. Derek "Hobbie" Klivian. Thane Kyrell. Jek Tono Porkins. William Hootkins A New Hope. Porkins has gained some comedic notoriety due to his size, manner and untimely death, which was spoofed in the Family Guy episode Blue Harvest. Dak Ralter. Ralter dies in the ensuing Battle of Hoth when their snow speeder is damaged by an Imperial Walker.
Dak also makes an appearance conversing before the aforementioned battle with Thane Tyrell, in the novel Lost Stars. Evaan Verlaine. Idryssa Barruck. Maia Bonteri. Goddaughter of Lux Bonteri introduced in Rebel Rising. She is a member of the Partisans while stationed stationed on Wrea. She later dies in the assault of Inusagi from Imperial blaster fire. Diego Luna Rogue One and Andor . Rebel Alliance captain and intelligence officer who helps steal the plans for the Death Star in Rogue One.
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